SYDNEY/TOKYO The U.S. dollar turned mixed on Thursday after the Federal Reserve offered little in the way of surprises, in contrast to New Zealand's central bank which flung open the doors to a cut in rates and clipped the kiwi in the process.
The dollar index .DXY stood at 98.988, coming back to where it was 24 hours ago after a brief fall the previous day after the Fed said it was "closely monitoring" global economic and financial developments.
The Fed kept interest rates unchanged as expected and said the U.S. economy was still on track for moderate growth and a stronger labor market even with "gradual" rate increases.
"Overall, the statement reflects the caution that one would expect a central bank to use in the current volatile environment. But the Fed hasn't deviated from its previous message, with future moves in rates remaining in the hands of the incoming data," analysts at ANZ wrote in a note to clients.
With the Fed out of the way, the focus is falling on the Bank of Japan, which started its two-day policy meeting on Thursday.
The choppiness in markets in recent weeks and falling inflation expectations due to cheaper oil are increasing expectations that the BOJ will once again step up its easing.
Traders say markets may be factoring in around a 50 percent chance of easing.
"It is a tricky situation. If they don't ease, the yen will strengthen and stocks will fall. But even if it does something, the impact may (only) last a week or so," said Masatoshi Omata, senior client manager at Resona Bank.
"But after that, markets could start to worry whether its monetary stimulus is really working," he added,
Mirroring concerns about slowdown in the global economy, the Reserve Bank of New Zealand (RBNZ) said uncertainty about the strength of the global economy has increased, noting weaker growth in the developing world, particularly China.
While the RBNZ also kept rates steady, at 2.5 percent, it said further easing may now be required, an abrupt turnaround from December when it flagged that it might be done cutting.
The RBNZ also said a recent rise in the kiwi-dollar was unhelpful and that "further depreciation would be appropriate in order to support sustainable growth".
"We expect more near-term downside as other trading zones digest this fresh easing bias," said Annette Beacher, chief Asia-Pac macro strategist at TDSecurites.
There is little in the way of market-moving economic data out of Asia. In Europe, Britain's fourth-quarter growth data looms large and could decide the fate of the embattled sterling.
Annual economic growth is expected to have slowed to 1.9 percent, from 2.1 percent, an outcome that could push expectations for a hike in interest rates even further out. Markets are currently pricing in a rate hike in 2017. ECONGB
(Editing by Leslie Adler and Eric Meijer)